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Meeting News Coverage. IDC NY Please provide your email address to receive an email when new articles are posted on this topic. Receive an email when new articles are posted on this topic. You have already added this topic to your email alerts. Click here to manage your alerts. Follow Healio. Multilevel analysis of the effect of the intervention on sickness absence, doctor's consultations, and antibiotic prescription. Even if there were no statistically significant differences, there was a consistent pattern in favour of the intervention, for sickness absence, doctor's consultations, and antibiotic prescriptions see Table VI.
For sickness absence in days, a significant effect was found for children with asthma. However, there was no effect for the individual variables single parent, siblings, smoker, or own room. Increasing age had a small effect not shown in table. Our model for educating personnel and parents in how to handle infections in pre-school children was manageable.
The response we received from personnel and parents was positive and we think it will facilitate contact with primary healthcare in the future. At our educational meetings the personnel received structured and uniform information and the guidelines were appreciated by the personnel. With little effort it was also possible to provide this information to the parents. At the same time the parents had the opportunity to ask further questions and we were able to discuss when to keep the children at home, when to go to a doctor, and when to prescribe antibiotics.
Even if infections have been discussed in the general parental education programme not all parents participate in this  Petersson C , Petersson K , Hakansson A. General parental education in Sweden: Participants and non-participants. The reply from the parents was good and almost all families participated. There were no obvious problems filling in the questionnaire or the absence reports.
We found that the personnel in the intervention group thought that the children more often stayed at home long enough after an infection episode. The personnel are those who have regular contact with the parents and those who have the possibilities of answering questions in connection with the children's illness. Child care center staff contribute to physician visits and pressure for antibiotic prescription.
Infection Control in the Child Care Center and Preschool
Other studies have also focused on the provision of information to personnel as part of a more extensive educational programme, even if their experience was not the prime focal point and no outcomes were published [16—18] Uhari M , Mottonen M. An open randomized controlled trial of infection prevention in child day-care centers. Effectiveness of a training program in reducing infections in toddlers attending day care centers.
Effect of infection control measures on the frequency of upper respiratory infection in child care: A randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics ; — No studies have focused on educating parents of children at day-care  Huskins WC.
Transmission and control of infections in out-of-home child care. Reducing physician visits for colds through consumer education.
Infection Control in the Child Care Center and Preschool - كتب Google
It is also important that healthcare staff provide adequate information for parents. We found that parents consider regular information to be desirable and the parents felt better informed about infectious diseases at the end of the study. In this small study no statistically significant effect of the intervention was found, but there was a consistent pattern towards lower sickness absence, fewer doctor's consultations, and decreased antibiotic prescription in the intervention group.
The results indicate that we might have had significant results in the multilevel analyses if we had included more day-care centres. A review article mentions that studies have had difficulties in proving any effect on infectious illness after changed hygiene routines  Huskins WC. Evaluation of an hygienic intervention in child day-care centers.
Handwashing to prevent diarrhea in day-care centers.
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The effect of enhanced hygiene practices on absences due to infectious diseases among children in day care centers in Helsinki. Effect of infection control measures on the frequency of diarrheal episodes in child care: A randomized, controlled trial. Spaed- og smaborns almindelige sygelighet-forekomst og sociala konsekvenser. Antibiotic use and resistance pattern in day care centers. It is therefore important to limit the spread of infections in day-care and to improve the management of infections.
Respiratory disease in group day care. Acute respiratory infections in day care. Reduction in antibiotic prescribing for respiratory tract infections is needed! It was possible with little effort to inform and train people at day-care centres concerning infections and how they are spread. There was a greater understanding of when a child should be kept at home and when a doctor should be consulted. We found no significant effect on sickness absence, doctor's consultations, or antibiotic prescriptions, which is why it would be valuable to conduct a larger intervention study in Sweden.
Table I. Table II. Table III. Table IV. Table V. Table VI. Skip to Main Content.
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INFECTION CONTROL IN THE CHILD CARE CENTER AND PRESCHOOL
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